ASSOCIAZIONE PER LE RICERCHE DI STORIA POLITICA


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Summary 1998(3)

Summary


The hierarchical principle: comparative anthropology and history (Christophe Traïni)

Louis Dumont analysed the transition from so-called traditional to modern societies by distinguishing between holism in the former and individualism in the latter. This article testes the possibility of using the concept of hierarchy, crucial to Dumont's work, to analyse the historical development of republican France. The ideology of the republic could prevail in France by subordinating and subsuming elements which were first opposed to it, and by becoming the building block of an -imagined community of citizens. Within this framework, Dumont's work a/so suggests the necessity of re-examining the left/right political cleavage by re-connecting the cultural and the empirical perspective. While this approach still needs to be tested and perfected, this essay contends it can produce new interpretations of some moments of French history.



Sito internet dell’Associazione a cura di Salvatore Botta

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