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Summary 1999(1)

Summary


The exodus from Istria: problems of interpretation (Marina Cattaruzza)

The massive exodus of Italians from the Adriatic region of Istria after 1945 has not been thoroughly examined by historians until recently. Drawing on existing Italian and German research, and on some Slovene studies, this essay aims al analysing some of the most relevant features of the exodus: post-war treaties and international legal arrangements regulating population transfers: the ethnic and national composition of Istria and how this composition was "interpreted" for political reasons: the differences in the political and administrative status of the various parts of that region: the Yugoslavian policy. both formal and substantial, towards the Italian minority: the strategy deployed by the Italian government; the way communist ideology and the opposition to Fascism influenced relations between ethnic groups. Although the decision to leave Istria was formally voluntary, the author concludes that the new political authorities had transformed the region to such an extent, as to leave the Italians no other choice.



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