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Summary 1999(2)

Summary


The myth of the "half-blood". Nazi racial policy in the Altreich and in the annexed eastern territories (Edmund Conte e Cornelia Essner)

By analysing how the concept of the "half-blood" changed over time the authors explore the complex universe of Nazi ideology and racial policy. Demographic and racial policy was not consistently planned. On the contrary, this article highlights several! contradictions, which arose from conflicting and sometimes incompatible ideological strands, partly originating in the völkish traditions. According to eugenic theories, races could be evaluated on the basis of complex genetic calculations: the most radical thought unwanted genes could not be eliminated; others aimed at creating a new German race from the union of various peoples. How the "half-blood" was conceived changed according to these different assumptions - which became evident in the policy of re-germanisation of the eastern territories and in the way racially mixed people were dealt with. It was also closely linked with the evolution of both the idea of the Jew and antisemitism. Pushed in different directions by the advocates of purity and those of assimilation, the demographic selection in the eastern territories changed widely according to the ideology of those implementing it. Nazi racism, therefore, was an arena of ideological and political conflicts, where pseudoscientific ideas played an important role.


Sito internet dell’Associazione a cura di Salvatore Botta

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