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Summary 2001(2)

Summary


"Do not buy from the lews". The Vatican, ultramontanism and anti-Semitism. Some proposals for an European comparison (Olaf Blaschke)

This essay reconstructs the specific anatomy of Nineteenth and early-Twentieth century Catholic anti-Semitism, which the author considers as part of the prehistory of Auschwitz. In the Nineteenth century, Catholicism in Germany, as well as in several other countries, became more centralised and gained some uniformity. This general process influenced Catholic anti-Semitism too. It is therefore possible - the author contends - to produce a theoretical framework encompassing Catholic anti-Semitism throughout Europe, and thus facilitating international companions. The Catholic attitude towards Jews con he described as mainly hostile. Unlike specific anti-Semitic movements, however, Catholicism considered anti-Semitism as just one element belonging to a wider project of "rechristianisation". Catholics, moreover, distinguished between a "bad" racial anti-Semitism and a "good" catholic one, allegedly aimed at defending the Church from its enemies.



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