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The international factor in Togliatti's leadership (1944-1964) (Silvio Pons)

The author focuses on the moments that saw Togliatti's long leadership in crisis, or at any rate severely criticised, and analyses the communist leader's responses to them. In the period examined, the author emphasises that the basis of Togliatti's leadership in the post-war years was his ability to maintain a systematic linkage between international and national policy. The essay discusses three crucial episodes: the so-called 'Salerno turn' of 1944, when the criticisms against Togliatti came from both outside - Bogomolov on behalf of international communism - and inside the PCI's leading group. Togliatti overcome this crisis with apparent ease, exploiting it to create the synergy between the 'national way' and the 'international axis' that always characterized his leadership. The second crisis coincided with the invitation, which Togliatti resisted only with difficulty, to take over as head of Cominform. The third attack on his leadership was provoked by the events in Hungary, and this too he was able to overcome by presenting himself as the equilibrium point between national and international questions. The author suggests that a further crisis came with his repeated denunciations of Stalin's crimes to the PCUS Congress of 1961, which were reflected in the clash internally to the PCI between Togliatti and Amendola. This episode, and the last years of Togliatti's leadership until the Yalta Memorandum, should be interpreted as a further attempt to conjugate the 'national/international' nexus as it had been constructed since 1944.

Sito internet dell’Associazione a cura di Salvatore Botta

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