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Summary 2008(2)

Summary


The «Return to the Homeland» in Earlier 20th Century Subversivism. Political and Cultural Paths of a New Generation of Italian Intellectuals (Roberto Pertici)

One of the most important aspects of Italian culture in the early 1900s is the way in which socialism and the Socialist party lost appeal as a political and ideological horizon. This essay shows how this crisis was followed by a redefinition of political and cultural identities: many socialists left political activity to return to cultural life, others underwent a religious conversion and became Catholic militants, others became nationalists, while other former socialists remained in a domain that could be defined as «subversive», that had little in common with official Socialism. In this multifaceted galaxy, the figure of Mazzini resurfaced to become the symbol of a truly «national» revolution, that consolidated itself during the war in Libya and, even more, in the Summer of 1914, when the different currents of democratic and revolutionary interventionism emerged.


Sito internet dell’Associazione a cura di Salvatore Botta

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